Wednesday, May 2, 2012

Survive A Super Volcano Eruption

Before we get into the survival of a super volcano we just wanted to take the time to thank everyone for all their support and feed back. We also want to thank  Preppers & Survivalist  for their help and support. If you haven't click on their link and go to their facebook page and check them out they are amazing. Great survival tip. Also we have decided to do as many give aways as possible and we need help raising the money. So just click on our ads or just get stuff from our amazon a store. All the money we make will be used to help preppers prep in these hard economic times.  With that being said I just want to remind everyone of our mini survival kit give away once we reach 25 followers on our blog.  Also one last thing we now have and are selling survival seed banks.  So please check it out at and finally if you haven't done so follow us on twitter at #iprepping. 

Question of the day: What do you think will happen first super volcano eruption or total  economic collapse? 

Possible Blast Radius


The Yellowstone Supervolcano
First thing's first: Where there is a caldera, a volcano has erupted. In the case of the Yellowstone Caldera, we're hardly out of the water (or molten mantle rock as is truly the case).
As we speak, beneath the caldera light molten mantle rock continues to push toward the surface, which is the reason for Yellowstone's numerous geothermal vents (Old Faithful, for example). That makes Yellowstone a rare hotspot of geothermal activity.
In a nutshell, remnants of the past tell us that we do not want this supervolcano to erupt again.
Many believe that some time in the past, multiple eruptions appear to have literally blanketed what are now the states of Washington, Oregon, Nevada, California, and Idaho with lava (these states are linked by flat calderas that connect like the beads to a necklace).
Interestingly, though, in the distant past it is believed that the volcano has undergone three terrible eruptions, with the last, forming the Lava Creek Tuff. In fact, during this explosion the majority of North America is believed to have been covered by volcanic ash (very dangerous as will be noted later). Not to mention, several smaller steam explosions have caused trouble (one which served to form a five kilometer crater at Mary Bay near Yellowstone Lake). Further lava flows with no eruption have caused craters in the past.
Said another way, there is a large chamber of magma that is housed beneath the caldera's surface. The magma holds gasses at bay due to the pressure that the magma is under. However, if some type of geological shift were to occur, than some of the gasses might bubble out which would cause the magma to grow or expand. If things continue along this line (the magma continues to expand and release further pressure) the result is a large gas explosion.

Is there reason to worry right now about the Yellowstone Supervolcano?
In sum, yes and no.
Here's what we know. Back in 1995 satellite images began to show that the Yellowstone Caldera was rising. This was mostly likely due to a backup of molten rock miles below the surface.
The good news is that the majority of the caldera sank again in 1997. However, the north rim continued to rise until 2003, and with it several geysers awoke along with holes emitting gas and steam.
Once the rise stopped (in 2003) so did the majority of the strange activity.
Every so often at the Sour Creek Dome (a major feature in the eastern section of the caldera) magma reaches the mantle layer and spreads like water before returning below the surface through several natural tunnels. However, the natural valve at the north end of the tunnel - where the land continued to rise until 2003 - can only handle so much at once. Hence, this may be what caused the problem: Too much magma at one time there for an extended period.
But why then? What does it mean? No one really knows as we've only begun to truly study the area in the last decade or so.

What would happen if the supervolcano scenario occurred
If the volcano at Yellowstone were to erupt like it appears to have done some time in the ancient past, we'd love to paint a survival scenario for you. However, beyond getting ready for the cold that might come due to the ash blotting out the sun and life as we know it (and moving away from the center of the eruption as much as possible) a survival scenario really doesn't exist in the traditional sense.
First, anyone within about 100 kilometers of such an explosion would simply be killed by the explosion itself (remember that the eruption in the ancient past emitted 240 cubic miles of material) or the volcanic ash quite quickly.
Next, such an explosion would leave the majority of the North American continent below ash. The ash would be more significant closer to the explosion, but dangerous amounts would still reach three quarters of the continent.
After all, remember that volcanic ash is really very fine rock and mineral particles. Thus, these are dangerous to breath as they tend to cement together (and that's not good in a human body). Further, they are abrasive to the eyes. Last, when ash falls on a structure it will cement and become quite heavy. In other words, a likely consequence of it are millions of destroyed shelters.
Oh yeah, and on top of it all, ash is dangerous to mechanical devices like cars.

Some things to do in the event of volcanic ash that may help you survive
As was indicated earlier, if you're within 100 kilometers of the supervolcano, you're in big trouble. However, there are some precautions one can take in the event of dealing with volcanic ash, and these really start with having the appropriate supplies on hand.
Beforehand you should have (most information taken from the CVO Website)
Extra dust masks
Non-perishable food for three days (see several articles at the site on this)
Drinking water for three days (see articles)
Plastic wrap (for electronics)
First aid kit and medications
Radio with batteries
Flashlights with batteries
Wood for a fireplace or stove
Blankets and warm clothing
Cleaning supplies
Cash (forget credit cards and ATM's in this situation)
Pet food and supplies
Cell phone
Further, it's not a bad idea to know your child's school emergency plan and to have some of the above in your car (though the reality is that if you don't have to drive, then don't when it comes to ash). Beyond that, you should stay indoors and listen for directions from emergency personnel as long as possible. If you do need to leave the house for any reason, wear a mask to protect your eyes.
And hope that the world doesn't turn into a frozen tundra as many think parts of it will.
In the end, there is no definitive evidence that they Yellowstone supervolcano will erupt anytime soon. However, most scientists do believe that it eventually will happen.
So why not be as ready as possible? 

Not in the blast area, you should still prepare.

Even if you live outside the blast area you should still prepare. An eruption of this scale will effect economies and global temperatures. It will make cold places colder and warm places cooler as well. Get to know your surrounding area and make sure that you are ready to survive both an economic down turn and a change in weather patterns.  For all possible effects so far the best site we found is    and remember a preppers best tool is his or her knowledge.

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